ca">Mat 27:12  And when he [Jesus] was accused of the chief priests and elders, he answered nothing.

Mat 27:13  Then said Pilate unto him [Jesus], Hearest thou not how many things they witness against thee?

Mat 27:14  And he [Jesus] answered him to never a word [no reply, not even to a single charge]; insomuch that [at which] the governor marvelled greatly.

~ The people cried out for Jesus to be crucified

Mat 27:15  Now at that [Passover] feast the governor [Pilate] was wont [customary] to release unto the people a prisoner, whom they would [choose].

Mat 27:16  And they had then a notable [notorious] prisoner, called Barabbas.

Mat 27:17  Therefore when they [the people] were gathered together, Pilate said unto them, Whom will ye [choose] that I release unto you?  Barabbas, or Jesus which is called Christ?

Mat 27:18  For he [Pilate] knew that for envy they [all the chief priests and elders of the people] had delivered him [Jesus, over to Pilate].

Mat 27:19  When he [Pilate] was set down on the judgment seat, his wife sent unto him, saying, Have thou nothing to do with that just man [Jesus]: for I have suffered many things this day in a dream because of him [Jesus].

Mat 27:20  But the chief priests and elders persuaded the multitude that they should ask [for] Barabbas, and destroy Jesus [have Jesus executed].

Mat 27:21  The governor answered and said unto them, Whether [which] of the twain [two] will ye that I release unto you?  They said, Barabbas.

Mat 27:22  Pilate saith unto them, What shall I do then with Jesus which is called Christ?  They all say unto him, Let him [Jesus] be crucified.

Mat 27:23  And the governor said, Why, what evil hath he [Jesus] done?  But they cried out the more, saying, Let him be crucified.

Mat 27:24  When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing [was getting nowhere], but that rather a tumult [uproar] was made, he took water, and washed his hands before [in front of] the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person [Jesus]: see ye to it [it is your responsibility].

Mat 27:25  Then answered all the people, and said, His [Jesus'] blood be on us, and on our children.

Mat 27:26  Then released he [ Then Pilate released] Barabbas unto them: and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered him to be crucified.

~ The Soldiers Mock Jesus

Mat 27:27  Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the common hall, and gathered unto him the whole band of soldiers.

Mat 27:28  And they stripped him [Jesus], and put on him a scarlet robe.

Mat 27:29  And when they had platted a crown of thorns, they put it upon his [Jesus'] head, and a reed [staff] in his right hand: and they bowed the knee [knelt] before him, and mocked him, saying, Hail, King of the Jews!

Mat 27:30  And they spit upon him [Jesus], and took the reed [staff], and smote him [struck him repeatedly] on the head.

Mat 27:31  And after that they had mocked him [Jesus], they took the robe off from him, and put his own raiment [clothes] on him, and led him away to crucify him.

~ The Crucifixion

Mat 27:32  And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: him they compelled to bear [carry] his [Jesus'] cross.

Mat 27:33  And when they were come unto a place called Golgotha, that is to say, a place of a skull,

Mat 27:34  They gave him [Jesus] vinegar to drink mingled with gall: and when he had tasted thereof, he would not drink.

Mat 27:35  And they crucified him [Jesus], and parted his garments, casting lots: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, They parted my [Jesus'] garments among them, and upon my vesture did they cast lots.  [ quoting Psa 22:18 ]

Mat 27:36  And sitting down they watched him [Jesus] there;

Mat 27:37  And set up over his [Jesus'] head his accusation [the charge against him] written, THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS.

Mat 27:38  Then were there two [2] thieves crucified with him [Jesus], one on the right hand, and another on the left.

Mat 27:39  And they that passed by reviled [hurled insults at] him [Jesus], wagging [shaking] their heads,

Mat 27:40  And saying, Thou [Jesus] that destroyest [are going to destroy] the temple, and buildest it in three days, save thyself.  If thou be the Son of God, come down from the cross.

Mat 27:41  Likewise also the chief priests mocking him [Jesus], with the scribes and elders, said,

Mat 27:42  He [Jesus] saved others; himself he cannot save.  If he be the King of Israel, let him now come down from the cross, and we will believe him.

Mat 27:43  He [Jesus] trusted in God; let him [God] deliver him now, if he [God] will have him [Jesus]: for he [Jesus] said, I am the Son of God.

Mat 27:44  The thieves also, which were crucified with him [Jesus], cast the same in his teeth [heaped insults on him].

Mat 27:45  Now from the sixth hour [of daylight, about noon] there was darkness over all the land unto the ninth hour [of daylight, about 3 pm].

~ The Death of Jesus

Mat 27:46  And about the ninth hour [of daylight, about 3 pm] Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?  that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?  [ quoting Psa 22:1 ]

Mat 27:47  Some of them that stood there, when they heard that, said, This man [Jesus] calleth for Elias [Elijah].

Mat 27:48  And straightway one of them ran, and took a spunge [sponge], and filled it with vinegar, and put it on a reed [stick], and gave him [Jesus] to drink.

Mat 27:49  The rest said, Let be [leave him alone], let us see whether Elias [Elijah] will come to save him [Jesus].

Mat 27:50  Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost [gave up his spirit].

Mat 27:51  And, behold, the veil [curtain] of the temple was rent [torn] in twain [two] from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent [split];

Mat 27:52  And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose,

Mat 27:53  And came out of the graves after his [Jesus'] resurrection, and went into the holy city [Jerusalem], and appeared unto many.

Mat 27:54  Now when the centurion, and they that were with him, watching Jesus, saw the earthquake, and those things that were done, they feared greatly, saying, Truly this [Jesus] was the Son of God.

Mat 27:55  And many women were there beholding [watching from] afar off, which followed Jesus from Galilee, ministering unto him:

Mat 27:56  Among which was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James and Joses, and the mother of Zebedee's children.

~ Jesus Is Buried (beginning the 3 days and 3 nights "in the heart of the earth" spoken of by Jesus in Mat 12:40)

Mat 27:57  When the even [evening] was come, there came a rich man of Arimathaea, named Joseph, who also himself was Jesus' disciple:

[ Today, our 24-hour days begin at midnight, whereas Hebrew days in the Bible (designated by -Heb) began at the previous sunset (about 6 hours before midnight).  Therefore, Friday-Heb night (a 12-hour night), and Friday-Heb day (a 24-hour day), both begin at sunset on Thursday (using today's time).]

[ Thursday-Heb day (crucifixion day, "Good Thursday" (not "Good Friday")) ended at sunset Thursday.  Friday-Heb night began at sunset Thursday, so it is now Friday-Heb evening (Thursday evening).  Friday-Heb day (evening, night, morning, daytime) is the "high sabbath day" (spoken of in Joh 19:31 ) and is also yet another preparation day, the 24-hour day before the Saturday-Heb sabbath (24-hour day).  This Saturday-Heb sabbath begins at sunset Friday. ]

[similar to Mar 15:42-47, Luk 23:50-56, Joh 19:31-42 ]  [for full details see Crucifixion & Resurrection QBA ]
[for the year Jesus was crucified see after Mat 27:66 ]

Mat 27:58  He [Joseph of Arimathaea] went to Pilate, and begged [for] the body of Jesus.  Then Pilate commanded the body to be delivered [to him].

[ Since it is already evening (see Mat 27:57 above and Mar 15:42-45) (after sunset), the 3 days (all or part of 3 24-hour days) and 3 nights (all or part of 3 12-hour nights) that Jesus is "in the heart of the earth [sepulchre, sepulcher, tomb]" (see Mat 12:39-40) doesn't start counting until after sunset on Thursday (crucifixion day, "Good Thursday" (not "Good Friday")).  Sometime during the evening (after sunset) on Thursday (using today's time), the counting does begin with Friday-Heb night (part of a 12-hour night, that began at sunset Thursday, night#1), and Friday-Heb day (part of a 24-hour day, that began at sunset Thursday, day#1). ]

[ If we continue counting, we get Saturday-Heb night (a 12-hour night, that began at sunset Friday, night#2), and Saturday-Heb day (a 24-hour day, that began at sunset Friday, day#2), followed by Sunday-Heb night (all or part of a 12-hour night, that began at sunset Saturday, night#3, and night#3 counting ended either with Jesus' resurrection sometime before sunrise, or at sunrise Sunday, if Jesus' resurrection occurred on or after sunrise), and Sunday-Heb day (part of a 24-hour day, that began at sunset Saturday, day#3, and day#3 counting ended with Jesus' resurrection before or after sunrise, Resurrection Sunday). ]

[for full details see Crucifixion & Resurrection QBA ]
[for the year Jesus was crucified see after Mat 27:66 ]

Mat 27:59  And when Joseph had taken the body [of Jesus], he wrapped it in a clean linen cloth,

Mat 27:60  And laid it in his [Joseph's] own new tomb, which he had hewn out in the rock: and he rolled a great stone to the door of the sepulchre, and departed.

Mat 27:61  And there was Mary Magdalene, and the other Mary, sitting over against the sepulchre.

~ The Guard at the Tomb

Mat 27:62  Now the next day, that followed the day of the preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees came together unto [went to] Pilate,

[ Refer to Joh 19:31 to establish that this "next day" is likely Friday (not Saturday).  John tells us in Joh 19:31 that the next day after the crucifixion day was not a Saturday-Heb sabbath day, but rather a high day sabbath day (that could occur on a Friday-Heb day (that begins at sunset Thursday), with its preparation day being on Thursday-Heb day, crucifixion day, "Good Thursday" (not "Good Friday")). ]

[for full details see Crucifixion & Resurrection QBA ]
[for the year Jesus was crucified see after Mat 27:66 ]

Mat 27:63  Saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver [Jesus] said, while he [Jesus] was yet alive, After three days I will rise again.

Mat 27:64  Command therefore that the sepulchre be made sure [secure] until the third day, lest his [Jesus'] disciples come by night, and steal him away, and say unto the people, He is risen from the dead: so the last error [this last deception] shall be worse than the first.

Mat 27:65  Pilate said unto them, Ye have a watch [guard]: go your way, make it as sure [secure] as ye can.

Mat 27:66  So they went, and made the sepulchre sure [secure], sealing the stone, and setting a watch [posting the guard].
~ Year:  Based on "Good Thursday," in what year A.D. was Jesus Crucified ?

~ Introduction:  Passover is Nisan 14 on a Hebrew calendar.  Nisan 1 (Month 1) begins (at sunset) when the crescent moon is visible at sunset from Jerusalem.  Since this is an astronomical observation, we can use astronomy to help select candidates for the year Jesus was crucified.

~ Candidates:  During the interval from 20 AD through 45 AD (and using a website like

~ Biblical Criteria for "Good Thursday":  The Nisan 1 (Month 1) crescent moon is visible from Jerusalem at sunset on Thursday (beginning Nisan 1 on the 6th Day of the week).

~ Passover (Nisan 14):  This "Good Thursday" Biblical criteria results in Nisan 14:

~ Note on 30 AD:  Other than dates given in the Bible (typically month and day, without the year), there are very few historical records of events like crescent moon sightings from Jerusalem in 30 AD.  Therefore, we can use astronomy to give us a "line in the sky" best estimate.  If we are below the line we say the crescent moon is not visible, and if above the line, the crescent moon is visible.  If we are way below the line, or way above the line, we can feel confident that our astronomical best estimate likely matches what was actually observed in 30 AD.  However, as we get closer to the line (from below or above), we must realize that our best astronomical estimate has many small imperfections, and therefore, may or may not exactly match what was actually observed in 30 AD.

In 30 AD, we are very close to the line, so we must include 30 AD in both lists of years above.  (i.e. one entry for each side of the line.)

Factors:  Factors justifying this treatment, that come into play (on Thursday sunset Nisan 1 in 30 AD) are:

Freedom to Choose:  The very fact that 30 AD can be used in either a "Good Thursday" or "Good Friday" scenario, makes 30 AD an ideal candidate in God's eyes, because we are then given the freedom to choose the scenario we are going to believe:  we either believe God (God's Biblical "Good Thursday" account), or we don't.  (In this case, believing in astronomy doesn't help.  It's too close to the line to be sure.)

Choosing:  Who do we choose to believe ?

Conclusion:  The 30 AD Nisan 1 (Month 1) crescent moon could easily have been softly visible from Jerusalem on Thursday at sunset, or in the case of a cloudy sky or other factors, decreed to be visible by the Sanhedrin.

This would have establish a "Good Thursday" crucifixion on Passover, Nisan 14, thus fulfilling and giving the sign of Jonah, for 30 AD, as well as for any other years shown in the "Good Thursday" candidates list above.
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